THE assessment of a range of irrigation systems by the Gwydir Valley Irrigators Association (GVIA) in north west New South Wales points to a future of automated, water-efficient, labour-saving systems taking over from traditional, hand-shift siphon irrigation.
For the past 10 years, the GVIA has been comparing siphon, lateral-move, sub-surface drip and bankless channel irrigation systems, with a focus on the latest automated permanent siphon and Smart Siphon options.
GVIA project officer, Lou Gall, said while the industry was still primarily based on hand-shift siphon, flood irrigation systems, there had been a move towards bankless channel and siphonless systems, including lateral-move.
While siphon systems were likely to remain the majority for some time yet, she said the GVIA had been assessing the potential of two options for siphon automation.
“One is the Waverley permanent siphon design system installed (on-farm) at Wee Waa. There are 15,000 hectares developed in that system now. It is to the stage where it is able to be automated and run by one person. It is running quite efficiently,” she said.
“The other system we trialled in 2017/18 was the Smart Siphon which is a small pipe through the bank fitted with an elbow that you put into water to turn it on, pull it back up to turn it off. So, instead of starting each individual siphon you can start 150 siphons at once.”
Speaking at the Global Forum for Innovations in Agriculture, Ms Gall said the GVIA’s latest work on Smart Siphon management systems had focused on developing the capacity to remotely turn the siphons on and off.
“We came across a couple of issues with that because the manufacturer hadn’t developed the actuators with appropriate sensors and we had issues with the gears slipping. We could remotely turn them on or off, but the actuators weren’t reliable enough,” she said.
“That comes back to the key component of the reliability of the system. If people are going to automate, they need to know it is going to work every time.
“We are also looking at the other components like measurement. We need to know what we are doing with the water once we get it onto the field.
“We are looking at channel level sensors, which have been utilised at Waverley. It saves so much risk for them, because blowing a head ditch is absolutely the last thing anyone wants to do. A sensor that is worth $1000 can tell you whether you are going to do that or not.”
Ms Gall said the greatest challenges with adopting automated irrigation systems was having access to failsafe connectivity and ensuring reliability.
“There are poor examples of that in Australia from one end to the other. The sensor technology is there, but what we have to do is make sure you are getting the appropriate sensitivity and the right sensors in the right place. Our experience with the actuators demonstrated that if you don’t have the right pieces it won’t give you the reliability you need,” she said.
“The area we find lacking the most is the decision-support systems. There are numerous monitoring, recording and processing options, but they are not all necessarily suitable. We have to have something that links all the necessary data layers in a much more sensible and user-friendly option that gives value to the grower.”
Ms Gall said for irrigators to adopt automation, the systems had to be simplified and made far more user-friendly than they currently were.
“As we progress towards automation and autonomous irrigation, we can remotely control devices, remotely control weirs, infield water management, monitor the water level sensors and water advancement and pump monitoring systems, and collect soil moisture and weather data, but we have never sat there and looked at the interface on the average farmer’s computer,” she said.
“He has five or six screens open trying to make sense of all of them. He is just not getting something that is giving him the support system where it is all nicely integrated to support his management and decision making.”
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