CHINA’s move to slap an 80 per cent tariff on imports of Australian barley will have a significant impact on the marketing and export of Australia’s second largest crop.
Barley industry at a glance:
- Barley is Australia’s second-biggest winter cereal by area and volume, after wheat
- In 2019-20, Australia produced 15.2 million tonnes (Mt) of wheat, 8.9Mt of barley, and 2.3Mt of canola
- In 2019-20, (which was impacted by drought in eastern Australia), Western Australia produced 3.7Mt of barley, South Australia 1.9Mt, Victoria 2.5Mt, New South Wales 700,000t, Queensland 60,000t.
- The main exporting states are WA and SA where domestic demand for malting and feed barley is considerably smaller than in the eastern states
- Planting of this season’s barley crop is well underway
- It is estimated Australian growers will plant 4.5 million hectares (Mha) of barley this season with potential to produce at least 9Mt
- China is Australia’s largest barley export market
- Australia is the largest supplier of barley to China
- Between 2015 and 2018, China imported, on average, 4.6Mt or A$1.3 billion of Australian barley accounting for over 70pc of Australia’s barley exports
- Between 1 December, 2019, and 31 March, 2020, Australia shipped 666,092t of malting barley and 634,210t of feed barley to China, almost half of Australia’s barley export shipments which totalled 1.3Mt.
- Projections about Australian barley exports in the current crop year put sales to China at 1.5Mt, compared with around 4Mt in an average year of Australian production.
Table 1: Australian malting barley exports for October-December 2019 and January-March 2020. Source: ABS
Sources: ABARES, ABS, GTA, COFCO
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