A STRONG, late break has led to good winter crop condition reports in Western Australia, Victoria and South Australia according to National Australia Bank (NAB). In June the Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resources Economics and Science (ABARES) had pitched its first 2019/20 wheat crop estimate at 21.2Mt, compared with 17.3Mt in 2018/19.
NAB released today its Rural Commodities Wrap, maintaining its assessment of the national wheat crop at 20.4 million tonnes (Mt) unchanged from previous month.
NAB agribusiness economist, Phin Ziebell, said while there was a good chance the crop would exceed that figure, the dry outlook was concerning and ultimately spring rain was needed.
“The Bureau of Meteorology’s three-month rainfall outlook points to below average rainfall for most of the country. That said, September’s forecast looks kinder for the southern regions which may give winter crops there enough rain to produce average yields,” he said.
Domestic feed prices rose 4.5 per cent in July, and overall the NAB weighted feed grain price index is at $304/tonne, having peaked at $386/t in October 2018.
“Another challenging season in eastern states combined with high lamb prices justifying widespread supplementary feeding, means eastern Australia will likely face another season of grain imports from Western Australia and overseas. We anticipate demand and feed prices will remain high well into 2020,” Mr Ziebell said.
Overall, the NAB Rural Commodities Index remained flat in July with the mixed winter crop outlook offset by resilient cattle and lamb prices.
Mr Ziebell said despite strength in the cattle market, seasonal conditions remained an ongoing cause of volatility and the future trajectory of the Eastern Young Cattle Indicator (EYCI) depended largely on rain in the eastern states.
“The EYCI is sitting just below 530 cents/kilogram, reflective of improved conditions in certain regions and strong processor demand,” Mr Ziebell said.
“While premiums for finished and southern cattle remain, poor conditions further north are ultimately a brake on prices and we don’t expect much upside for the EYCI unless New South Wales and Queensland see some good rain.”
Lot feeding cattle continues at an elevated rate, with over 1.1 million head on feed. Containment feeding of lambs is also expanding, which may see traditional seasonal factors become less influential over time.
“Lamb prices remain very high despite a retreat from last month’s record, and the hot trade lamb price is driving growth in containment feeding,” Mr Ziebell said.
“Looking ahead, we are cautious as to whether lamb prices will remain at these levels, with the traditional spring flush looming.
“Wool prices have dropped recently, and any further escalation of US-China trade tensions remains a key risk for the wool sector.”
NAB has cut its Australian dollar (AUD) forecast substantially due to strength in the US dollar, ongoing US-China trade tensions, and interest rate cuts by the Reserve Bank of Australia.
“We have cut our AUD forecast from USD 0.74 in Q1 2020, and now see it bottoming out at USD 0.66. While this is generally good for Australian agricultural exporters, the lower AUD will see higher fuel and fertiliser prices,” Mr Ziebell said.
“Global Dairy Trade auction results remain negative in USD terms, however the lower AUD should support processors stuck between keeping farmgate prices high enough for milkflow and the value of product in world markets.”
On a state-by-state basis, Queensland was the best performer on the Index in July, recording a 1.8 per cent increase on the back of improvements in the cattle market, while NSW and Victoria gained 1.6pc and 0.1pc respectively.
Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia were all lower, down 0.6pc, 1.0pc and 1.6pc respectively.
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